Not all types of freighters carry
passengers–for instance those which carry dangerous cargos, such
as tankers do not. Those freighters that do carry passengers
include the following.
The most usual way to send goods by sea
these days is on a container ship or box ship. The containers themselves
are manufactured to a worldwide standard of twenty foot and forty foot
in length and eight foot in height, making them very quick and efficient
to load and unload. This means that container ships tend to spend less
time in port than traditional freighters. Container ship capacity is
described in TEUs (twenty foot equivalent units)–thus a vessel
capable of carrying 2,000 forty foot containers would be described as
having a capacity of 4,000 TEUs. An infinite variety of goods is carried
One type of general cargo ship is the Reefer, such
as the banana boat (though the traditional carriers, Fyffes and Geest,
no longer take passengers). Reefers carry perishable goods in specially
ventilated holds to keep the cargo at an evenly cool temperature.
Refrigerated containers which plug in to the electrical system on
container ships are also known as reefers.
As their name suggests, these ships
combine the features of general cargo and container ships with
Roll-On Roll-Off ships are unlovely looking vessels
(though comfortable inside) which are like giant car ferries,
transporting thousands of vehicles which are loaded by being driven on
board via a stern ramp.
Carrying loose cargo, such as coal,
phosphates, grain, and mineral ores, these ships tend to be employed in
a “tramp” service, not having an established route, but
following the delivery requirements of the cargo they are carrying.
Frequently asked Questions